Nutrition cause

Mediterranean diet

Traditionally, Western Europe has two broad nutritional approaches - the Northern European and Southern European. The Mediterranean Diet is Southern European, and more specifically focuses on the eating habits of the people of Crete, much of Greece, and southern Italy.

Today, Spain, southern France, and Portugal are also included; even though Portugal does not have a Mediterranean coast.

The Mediterranean diet includes
- Lots of plant foods
- Fresh fruit as dessert
- High consumption of beans, nuts, cereals (in the form of wheat, oats, barley, corn or brown rice) and seeds
- Olive oil as the main source of dietary fat
Cheese and yogurt as the main dairy foods
- Moderate amounts of fish and poultry
- No more than about four eggs each week
- Small amounts of red meat each week (compared to northern Europe)
- Low to moderate amounts of wine
- 25% to 35% of calorie intake consists of fat
- Saturated fat makes up no more than 8% of calorie intake

Protective Factor
1 effect
Measured in serving

Related to Mediterranean diet

Mediterranean diet Health Benefits

OutcomesEffectEvidenceReferences

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Cardiovascular ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

3 studies

Dementia Brain outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

2 studies

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

Needs research

2 studies

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Mortality
Musculoskeletal

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

3 studies

Larynx cancer Respiratory outcome
Larynx cancer
Respiratory

Strong Decrease

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Oxidative stress Lymphatic outcome

Minor Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Blood Pressure - Hypertension Cardiovascular outcome
Blood Pressure ...
Cardiovascular

Minor Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Blood Sugar - Hyperglycemia Lymphatic outcome

Minor Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Type 2 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome

Notable Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Lung cancer Respiratory outcome
Lung cancer
Respiratory

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Breast Cancer
Reproductive

Notable Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Cognitive deficit Brain outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Obesity
Musculoskeletal

Notable Decrease

Evidence: High

2 studies

Stroke Brain outcome
Stroke
Brain

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

2 studies

Oesophagus cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Oral cavity and pharynx cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Alzheimer's disease Brain outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: Low

1 study

Parkinson's Disease Brain outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: Low

1 study

Cancer Lymphatic outcome
Cancer
Lymphatic

Notable Decrease

Evidence: Low

1 study

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: Low

1 study

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